The many rules of the game of football are enforced by a group of seven officials positioned throughout the field of play. Each infraction is responsible for rule infractions that take place within their designated area of the field. An official will throw a yellow flag to signify that an infraction has taken place. Here is a list of the officials and where they are located on the field:
· The referee wears a white hat and is in charge of all the other officials. They can be found behind the offense.
· The umpire is located behind the defensive line.
· The head linesman and side judge are located on one sideline.
· The line judge and back judge are located on the other sideline.
· The field judge is located behind the defense in the center of the field.
5 Yard Penalty…
Delay of Game
Offence does not star the next play before the play clocks time expires.
A player crosses the line of scrimmage prior to the play.
Offensive player who is on the line of scrimmage moves after being set.
Two or more offensive players do not come to a complete stop before the ball is snapped.
Defender strikes an eligible receiver during a drop back pass more than 5 yards downfield.
An offensive player in motion is moving toward the line of scrimmage when the ball is snapped.
Illegal Forward Pass
Quarterback crosses the line of scrimmage before throwing a pass downfield.
An offensive lineman crosses the line of scrimmage before the quarterback throws a pass downfield.
Invalid Fair Catch
Kick returner did not accurately signal for a fair catch.
A player unintentionally grasps an opponent's face mask.
Ball illegally touched, kicked or batted
10 Yard Penalty…
An offensive player's illegal use of the hands, body or arms. Defensive holding is penalized five yards and an automatic first down.
The quarterback throws an incomplete pass in order to avoid being sacked. Commonly determined when there are no receivers in the area of the pass.
Illegal Use of Hands
A player uses their hands to hit an opponent in the head or in the back.
An offensive player stopping a defensive player from having a chance to catch a pass. Defensive pass interference is penalized more severely; the offense is awarded a first down at the spot of the foul
A penalty declined for strategic reasons. This is also the signal for a failed field goal attempt or PAT.
When a player uses his legs or feet to trip an opposing player.
15 Yard Penalty…
A dangerous play that has the potential to result in a serious injury. There are many personal fouls including: roughing the passer, intentional facemask, roughing the kicker, etc.
A defensive player is illegally blocked (below the waist) by an offensive player.
A player intentionally and flagrantly breaks the rules, often with the intent of causing serious injury.